Various types and methods involved in food processing

Various types and methods involved in food processing

Various types and methods involved in food processing

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  • Food processing is any technique used to turn different foods into food products.
  • This method can involve various processes in food industries development including washing, chopping, pasteurizing, freezing, fermenting, packaging, cooking and many more.
  • Food processing also contains adding ingredients to food, such as extending shelf life during Food product development in industries.


Food processing is the change of farming items into food, or of one type of food into different structures. Food preparation incorporates numerous processing nourishments, from pounding grain to making crude flour to home cooking to complex modern strategies to make comfort nourishments. Some food preparing strategies assume significant jobs in lessening food squander and improving food protection, subsequently diminishing horticulture’s absolute ecological effect and enhancing food security.

Various types of food processing

Food processing takes a wide range of structures. A few nourishments require practically zero preparings, similar to an apple that can be picked from the tree and eaten right away. Others are unappetizing except if they go through some preparing with standardized recipes. Food processing techniques fall into three classifications: primary, secondary and tertiary

Primary Food Processing

Primary food preparing is the way toward transforming crude horticultural items into nourishments that can dispose of quickly. At times, the food is appropriate to be over once primary processing is done. An illustration of this is jerky produced using smoked meat. In different cases, immediate processing transforms the agrarian item into a fixing that would turn into a consumable food, such as processing grain to make flour.

Secondary Food Processing

Secondary food processing is the way toward utilizing fixings delivered through primary food preparing to make prepared to-eat nourishment. An illustration of this is utilizing flour to make the batter and prepare the mixture to make bread. Different models incorporate ageing grape juice with wine yeast to make wine and using ground meat to make hotdogs.

Tertiary Food Processing            

Tertiary food preparation is the considerable scope of prepared to-eat nourishments, like frozen pizzas and bundled snacks. The expression “handled food” ordinarily alludes to food items produced through tertiary food preparing during new food industries. At that point, corn is developed and nixtamalized – the way toward absorbing it a soluble arrangement – before being made into the batter. At that point, the batter makes the most to make tortillas, cut and heated into chips. A few nourishments require different sorts of processing to arrive at their last, consumable structures. When this cycle is done at a modern scale and fixed in impenetrable sacks, it incorporates tertiary food processing strategies after the food has experienced primary and secondary preparing.

Food processing methods:

Food processing is any strategy used to transform new nourishments into food items in food development recipes. It can include one or a mix of different cycles including washing, hacking, purifying, freezing, maturing, packaging, cooking and some more food industrial development. Food processing additionally incorporates adding fixings to food, for instance, to broaden period of usability. Food preparing includes customary and present-day strategies. A portion of the standard techniques gives a picture of underneath:


The food warms to a high temperature. This cycle is called purification. At that point, the food is packaged, preparing ventures for canned tomatoes using food development from technology.


The breakdown of sugars by microbes, yeasts or different microorganisms under anaerobic conditions is called fermentation. It implies, no oxygen is required for the cycle to happen. Maturation is strikingly making use of mixed refreshments, such as wine, lager, and juice, and in the protection of nourishments, such as sauerkraut, dry wieners, and yoghurt, yet also for bringing mixture up in bread creation.


Food temperatures are shrinking to beneath 0°C to lessen the action of unsafe microbes. The cycle can be utilized to safeguard most of the nourishments, including organic products, vegetables, meat, fish, and prepared suppers.

Adjusted environment packaging

A defensive gas blend subsets the air inside a bundle, regularly including oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen gases that are also presently noticeable all around we relax. They help broaden the timeframe of realistic usability of new food items – for most organic products, vegetables, meat and meat items, and fish.


Food is warmed and afterwards immediately chilled off to execute microorganisms. For instance, crude milk may contain unsafe microbes that cause foodborne sicknesses. Bubbling it or sanitizing is pivotal to guarantee it is protected to devour. Besides dairy items, sanitization is generally utilized to conserve canned nourishments, juices and mixed refreshments.


A cycle of warmth and substance treatment of food helps protect it by presenting it to smoke from consuming material, for example, wood. Smoked nourishments, for the most part, incorporate kinds of meat, frankfurters, fish or cheddar.

Added substances

Food added substances adopt a significant job in saving the newness, security, taste, appearance and surface of handled nourishments. Food added substances are added for specific purposes, regardless of whether to guarantee sanitation or to keep up food quality during the timeframe of realistic usability of an item. For instance, cell reinforcements keep fats and oils from getting malodorous, while additives forestall or decrease microorganisms’ development. Emulsifiers are utilized to improve the surface of mayonnaise or prevent plate of mixed greens dressings from isolating into oil and water.



These are some prevalent methods of preserving or processing food. These all will work only when processing and preserving are done under stringent rules and regulations. Food research explains the basics of food processing techniques in food processing industries.


  1. Banga, J. R., Balsa-Canto, E., Moles, C. G., & Alonso, A. A. (2003). Improving food processing using modern optimization methods. Trends in Food Science & Technology14(4), 131-144.
  2. Sathe, S. K., Teuber, S. S., & Roux, K. H. (2005). Effects of food processing on the stability of food allergens. Biotechnology advances23(6), 423-429.

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